Mysteries of the Red sea
The North Red Sea is one of the seven most beautiful underwater wonders in the world, also known as the Garden of Eden. The Red Sea is located between the two continents of Asia and Africa and is 1900 km long, 100 to 300 km wide and nearly 500 meters deep. Due to the presence of an algae, it turns red at certain times of the year. In ancient Greece it was called Erythra Thalassa, which means Red Sea. In this article, we are going to deal with Mysteries of the Red sea.
Mysteries of the Red sea
In the Red Sea, there are large numbers of algae called Trichodesmium erythraeum, the death of which changes the color of the sea to reddish brown. However, the sea is usually dark blue-green.
The Red Sea borders the coasts of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt, the occupying regimes of Jerusalem and Jordan. Although most of the Red Sea coast is desert, it has a rich aquatic ecosystem that includes beautiful coral formations and unique fish species.
The North Red Sea contains 1,000 species of fish, more than 1,000 species of invertebrates, and 400 different species of corals, about 10% of which are endemic to the sea alone. The main factor in the extent of diversity of animals and plants of the Red Sea can be considered its special oceanic climate. Its water is more salty than other seas in the world and its salinity is 3.8%. The underwater flow system in the Red Sea has created a delicate balance to provide a unique climate.
In summer, the temperature of the Red Sea is about 26 degrees Celsius (79 degrees Fahrenheit), while the average temperature is 22 degrees Celsius (72 degrees Fahrenheit). This temperature will vary by less / more than 2 degrees during the rest of the year. Wind is also an important factor in its climate and its speed varies between 7 and 12 kilometers per hour.
One of the most famous Red Sea fish is the red lionfish, the back of which is very poisonous and dangerous and is usually found on the sea floor. Clownfish, sharks, ospreys and eels are also abundant.
History of the Red Sea
The Red Sea is estimated to have formed about 30 million years ago, and many of its species are thought to have originated in the Pacific and Atlantic. The symbol of the Red Sea is the lionfish. Many archaeologists believe that the sea was first discovered by the ancient Egyptians and used for trade with the East. The Red Sea has played a role in several important historical destinies, including the passage of Moses and his companions. In ancient Rome, the North Sea was of special importance and was the main route of Roman trade to India.
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In 1798, during the French invasion of Egypt, one of Napoleon Bonaparte’s engineers named “J. B. Lipir proposed the idea of connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the north of the Red Sea. The idea later led to the construction of the Suez Canal in 1869, which is known as the bridge between Asia and Europe.
In 1983, thanks to the efforts of environmentalists, the Egyptian government decided to establish the Ras Mohammed National Park to further protect the Red Sea ecosystem. Today, the Red Sea is one of the most famous diving spots in the world.