Ever wondered about Basalt columns in Iceland

Ever wondered about Basalt columns in Iceland The fierce wrath of the island’s volcanoes mixed with the landscape of frozen glaciers has created a spectacular and impressive landscape. It is the dream of every geology lover. Ever wondered about Basalt columns in Iceland? Here is everything you need to know about Basalt columns in Iceland.

 Iceland Geology

We are high up in the North Atlantic, near the Arctic Circle, so the country has several glaciers. At the same time, we rest on the boundary of the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates. This creates our own version of the ring of fire and means that we have a lot of volcanic activity.

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 Icelandic Basalt Columns

Basalt is a volcanic rock that forms from overheated magma that emerges as lava during an eruption. One thing you need to know about Basalt columns in Iceland is that Basalt lava rich in iron and magnesium cools and contracts very quickly as soon as it is exposed to surface air and hardens when it solidifies. Icelandic basalt columns are the result of this rapid cooling process that changes the chemical composition and appearance of the lava. Basaltic volcanic rock has a special geometric shape due to this change in composition.

Natural process

It is the same natural process that gives the Giant’s Causeway in Ireland its rough appearance. The geological wonder of the basalt rocks even inspired Icelandic architecture. One thing you need to know about Basalt columns in Iceland is that while some think they should resemble the inner organ, they are actually meant to recall a rock formation.

 Hexagonal Rock Formations and Basalt Columns – Where to See Them in Iceland

One thing you need to know about Basalt columns in Iceland is that we really are a country whose landscape is made up of natural elements. These are some of the best places to see our unique geology and hexagonal rocks in Iceland.

Ever wondered about Basalt columns in Iceland

 Svartifoss – Columnar Black Basalt Cascade

In fact, the country has more than 10,000 waterfalls. One of the most spectacular is the Svartifoss waterfall, which is located in the Skaftafell section of the Vatnajökull National Park. It is not known as the black waterfall of Iceland because of the color of its water, but because of the dark basalt columns that form the rock face.

Svartifoss waterfall shows basalt columns in Iceland Vartifoss waterfall shows basalt columns in Iceland

The basalt columns on Reynisfjara beach

While many countries are famous for their tropical beaches, Iceland is not. Instead, we are known for our black beaches with dark volcanic sand. Reynisfjara Beach is perhaps one of our favorite attractions, and for good reason.  It’s not just about the black sand beaches that Iceland is so famous for. It also has basalt rock formations with quite spectacular terrain and wide panoramic views.


Ever wondered about Basalt columns in Iceland? They are a beautiful and very unusual geological phenomenon that you really won’t find anywhere else in the world. The unique combination of the hexagonal basalt columns against the black volcanic sand bottom makes for a breathtaking sight.

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Hexagonal rocks of Iceland in Gerðuberg Columnar basalt rocks

Along the Snaefellsvegur Strait on the Snaefellsness peninsula (Snæfellsnes) you will pass one of the most massive examples of basalt columns in Iceland. You can see the columnar basalt cliff from the edge of the road as you head towards Snaefellsjokull. The Gerðuberg columnar basalt rock consists of hundreds of stacks of basalt columns.

 The impressive Stuðlagil canyon in Jökuldalur

This is definitely one of the most picturesque places you will see in Iceland and you will definitely want to bring your camera. You will be mesmerized by the turquoise blue river, which is surrounded not only on one but on two sides by a fortress made of basalt columns. Like the Northern Lights, it is surprising to think that something like this was created entirely in nature.




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