Borders are the distance between two neighboring countries and in addition to defining geographical boundaries, they also indicate political, judicial and economic boundaries. Depending on the circumstances of the two countries, sometimes the border lines are clear and sometimes unclear. For example, the border between two countries may be a natural phenomenon such as mountains, forests or rivers. Or, for example, there are countries that are miles apart at the border. These countries usually have an area called zero border. This region is the border between the two countries and does not belong to either country politically. Usually in these countries, border conditions are highly secure. But on the other hand, we have countries like the Schengen area. In these countries, the border is merely a marker indicating the neighboring country. People living in border towns may commute between the two countries overnight, without realizing it. But consider the border between Pakistan and India, for example, it is clear that the situation on the border between the two countries is very different from the Schengen countries.
As political relations between countries change, so do the shape of borders. Residents of border towns, the level of violence in the region, the presence of the armed forces and many other things are also changing. Depending on these factors and many other influential factors, today we see boundary lines that amaze us. Countries whose borders are by no means similar to our mental presuppositions.
Nepal and China
Nepal and China have the highest borders in the world. Because their border area is Mount Everest. Everest with a height of 8848 meters is the highest mountain in the world. Interestingly, in the latest measurements, the height of this mountain has increased by about one meter compared to previous statistics. Although climbers usually climb the mountain from Nepal, Everest is part of both countries. You can also climb this mountain from China. Of course, the most popular route is the Nepalese route. Mostly because there is the necessary infrastructure for such programs in Nepal, especially the presence of Sherpas (indigenous mountain guides) who make climbing Everest safer.
Haiti and the Dominican Republic
At the height of colonialism, Haiti’s population was seven times that of its neighboring country. Today, the populations of the two countries are almost equal. Haiti has a population of about 10 million and the Dominican Republic about 9 million. But Haiti is about half the size of a neighboring country or the Dominican Republic. As a result, Haiti has a denser population distribution than the Dominican Republic. Factors such as average low rainfall and neglect of forest protection have left Haiti facing deforestation. The Dominican Republic, meanwhile, retains its forests. In 2014, the Haitian government pledged to double the country’s forests by 2016. Despite all the initial doubts, people are hoping for the success of this project.
Canada and the United States
The Haskell Public Library is the border between Canada and the United States. The library connects Stansted, Quebec, Canada to Derbyline, Vermont, USA. Right in the middle of the library space, you will see a black line that marks the border between the two countries. The Haskell Library was built in 1904, deliberately on the border between the two countries. The library was built by Carlos Haskell, an American factory owner who had a Canadian wife. From the life of the creators of this library until today, citizens of both countries have used its services. In addition to the library, three other streets connect the two cities. After the 9/11 attacks and the restriction of traffic between the two cities, the Haskell Library was the only place where people could move between the two countries without the supervision of security forces.